Walter Gropius

Walter Gropius was born in Berlin on May 18 1883 and died in 1969 in Boston, Massachusetts, aged 86.

Following his father's footsteps, Walter became an architect even though he could not draw instead depending on collaborators and partner-interpreters throughout his career.

Gropius was a highly respected architect during his life, but now he is remembered more for his role as the first and most important director of the Bauhaus School
along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture.

He began work as an architect in 1908 and opened his own practice in Berlin in 1910 where he built an international reputation as an innovative designer factory buildings using glass and steel in new ways.

Some of his more well know buildings are:
1910–1911 The Fagus Factory
1925–1932 Bauhaus School and Faculty
1937 The Gropius House
1949–1950 Harvard Graduate Center
1957 Some of the buildings at the University of Baghdad
1960 The Gropiusstadt building complex
1960 Metlife Building
1961 The award-winning Wayland High School
1959–1961 Embassy of the United States
1968 Glass Cathedral
1967– 69 Tower East which was his last major project before he died

In 1913, Gropius published an article about "The Development of Industrial Buildings," which included about a dozen photographs of factories and grain elevators in North America. This was very influential text and the article had a strong influence on other European modernists including Le Corbusier and Erich Mendelsohn who both reprinted Gropius's grain elevator pictures between 1920 and 1930.

In 1908 Gropius found employment with the firm of Peter Behrens, one of the first members of the utilitarian school. His fellow employees at this time included Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier.

In 1959 he received the AIA Gold Medal.

Gropius died in 1969 in Boston, Massachusetts, aged 86.

Today, Gropius is remembered not just by his buildings but also by the district of Gropiusstadt in Berlin. Gropiusstadt is located in the eastern suburb of Berlin and a small part of it borders with Schönefeld, a municipality in Dahme-Spreewald district, Brandenburg. It borders with the Berlin localities of Britz, Rudow and Buckow.

In the early 1990s, a series of books entitled The Walter Gropius Archive was published covering his entire architectural career.

Some examples of his work are:

The Fagus Factory was designed by Gropius in 1910-1911. It is a shoe last factory in Germany
Its design feature is its outer shell is made of glass with the supporting structures on the inside. this is a typical modernist thing to do and one of the things that is common throughout Gropius's designs

The Bauhaus School of design
It was a school in germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.
Its Design features are its outer shell of glass with the supporting structures on the inside. It is designed for function not features with only what they need on the building not just putting things here and there to make it look nice
Tower East is a high-rise office building in Shaker Heights, Ohio
Tower East was the last building in the United States designed by architect Walter Gropius.
This building shows how Gropius has developed his design style from the Bauhaus days. He still has the same philosophy of modernism
The Pan Am building or the Met Life building is a 59 story skyscraper built by Walter Gropius and 2 other architects
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