Design History Overview

This table lists the major design movements, how Design had influenced or was influenced by the movement and some representative designers.

Year Range Major Design Movement Designs Types of the Movement Key designers in each movement
1850 - 1914 Arts and crafts movement William Morris, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Margaret MacDonald- Mackintosh, Frank Lloyd Wright
1860 - 1900 Aesthetic movement Arthur Liberty, Arthur Silver, Edward Burne-Jones, Frederic Leighton, Dante Gabriel Rossetti
1880 - 1910 Art Nouveau Jules Cheret, Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, Leonetto Capiello, Victor Horta, Hector Guimard, Alphonse Mucha, Aubrey Beardsley
1907 - 1958 Modernist
1907 - 1935 Deutscher Werkbund Peter Behrens, Julius Klinger, Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
1909 - 1930 Futurism Giacomo Balla, Umberto and Carlo Carra, Edward McKinight Kauffer
1916 - 1923 Dada Tristan Tzara, Man Ray, Francis Picabia, Kurt Schwitters, Richard Huelsenbeck
1917 - 1935 Constructivism Vlademir Tatlin, El Lissitzky, Valentina Kulagina, Kasemor Malevich
1917 - 1931 De Stijl Theo Van Doesburg, Gerrit Rietveld, Bart van der Leck, Piet Mondrian
1919 - 1933 Bauhaus Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, Marcel Breuer, Marianne Brandt, Laxlo Moholy-Nagy
1920 - 1980 International Style Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Charlotte Perriand, Philip Johnson, Saul Bass, Hera Roberts, Fred Ward, Florence Knollx
1920 - 1939 Art Deco Cassandre, William Van Allen, Jean Carlu, Pierre Legrain, Mariano Furtuny, Thea Proctor, Marion Mahony Griffin, Walter Burley Griffin, Walter Jardine
1930 - 1960 Organic Design and Biomorphism Charles and Ray Eames, Eero Saarinen, Frances Burke, Verner Panton, Frank Lloyd Wright, Alvar Aalto
1930 - 1950 Streamline Norman Bel Geddes, Raymond Loewy, Eliel Saarinen, Walter von Nessel, Kem Weber, Gilbert Rhode
1958 - present Postmodernist
1958 - 1975 Pop Victor Mocosco, Seymour Chwast, Milton Glasser, Eero Aarnio, Joe Colombo, Roy Lichtenstein
1968 - 1978 Radical Design and Anti-Design Alberto Columbi, Ezio Didone, Jonathan De Pas, Donato D'Urbino, Paolo Lornazzi
1970 - present Eco Design
1965 - present Postmodern Design Frank O. Gehry, Phillippe Starck, April Greiman, Michael Graves, Richard Eckersley, Tobor Kalman
1981 - 1988 Memphis Ettore Sottsass, Martine Bedin, Aldo Cibic, Michele De Lucchi, Matteo Thun, Marco Zanini
1984 - present Digital Design Michael Place, Vincent Frost, Marc Newson, Rinzen, Joshua Davis, Zaha Hadid, Tord Boontje, Karim Rashid
Bibliography
Kirsten Guthrie, Visual Communication and Design. 2nd Ed, Nelson Cengage Learning, 2008, pp 139-149
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